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Briefly, some models of addiction...

 
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Nicole
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PostPosted: Mon Jan 14, 2008 9:48 pm    Post subject: Briefly, some models of addiction...  Reply with quote

Psychological Models

Psychological models view heavy alcohol and drug use as problem behaviors.  An individual drinks or uses to enjoy the effects of alcohol or drugs.  Under these models a user or drinker is not bad or deficient in any way.  Anyone can become addicted to drugs or alcohol because of the way our bodies and minds work, and because of how alcohol and drugs affect our bodies and minds.


Disease Models

Disease models of addiction assume that people addicted to drugs or alcohol have a biological abnormality that causes them to become addicted.  It is assumed to be something physical that is beyond the control of the individual.  These people are not sinful or bad, but they are sick.  These models are sometimes referred to as Biological Models.

There is some evidence that in some, but not all, addicted people there is an inherited predisposition to become alcoholic or addicted.  This means that they could become more easily or quickly addicted than other people.  It does not mean that all with this predisposition will go on to develop alcoholism or addiction.  This explanation does not explain addiction or alcoholism in all cases; there are many alcoholics and addicts who have no family history of addiction.

These models suggest that a biological abnormality causes an alcoholic's desire for another drink to increase after taking one drink, and that long-term drinking or drug use leads to damage of brain centres responsible for willpower and judgment.  According to these models, alcoholism and addiction are incurable diseases and the best that can be hoped for is to achieve remission.  


Social Learning Model

This is a psychological model of understanding problematic drug and alcohol use.  It is based on results of scientific experimentation and study.  It proposes that drug or alcohol use is learned and continues because the user gets some desired outcome from it.  We also learn to drink or use in response to certain stimuli--people, places, things, events, thoughts and feelings.  Under this model, users are not bad or defective people with some abnormality.  Anyone can become addicted to drugs or alcohol because of the way that alcohol and drugs affect our minds and bodies.


Sociological Models

It has been suggested that societies that produce higher levels of inner tension such as guilt, stress, suppressed aggression, conflict and sexual tensions have higher rates of heavy drinking and drug use.  This idea suggests that the primary role of alcohol and drug use is to reduce anxiety.  Another idea under this model is that societies that are permissive of and/or encourage drug or alcohol use have higher rates of problem drinking and drug use.  This model also examines the influence of those who stand to make a profit, such a the makers of alcohol.  Consider the many beer commercials on television, or the promotion of sporting events by tobacco manufacturers.  

http://www.bankhead.net/BoozeAndDrugs/theories.htm
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Marnie
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Joined: 29 Jan 2008
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PostPosted: Tue Jan 29, 2008 2:06 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

You rock Nik...Nice work.....Very informative and helpful.


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